Law of Ukraine

"On the Regulations of the Internal Service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine"

Date of entry into force:
June 4, 1999

The Law approves the Regulations of the Internal Service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (hereinafter referred to as "Regulations").

The Regulations determine the general rights and obligations of the military servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and their interrelations, the obligations of the main officials of the regiment and its divisions, and the internal regulations of the military unit and its divisions.

The Regulations govern all military units, ships, departments, headquarters, organizations, institutions and military educational institutions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (hereinafter referred to as "military units").

The general provisions of the Regulations envisage that the Armed Forces of Ukraine is a military body which, according to the Constitution of Ukraine, is charged with defending Ukraine, its sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability.

Internal service is a system of measures used to organize the daily life and activity of the military unit, its divisions and servicemen according to the Regulations and other normative legal acts.

According to Article 9 of the Regulations, servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, who can only be citizens of Ukraine, have the rights and freedoms of citizens of Ukraine, taking into consideration the specifics determined by the Constitution of Ukraine, the Laws of Ukraine in military issues, Regulations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and other normative legal acts.

Article 13 of the Regulations indicates that a military serviceman must adhere to the safety requirements, take measures to avoid disease and injury, regularly improve his physical endurance and fitness, and abstain from unhealthy habits.

According to Article 18 of the Regulations, servicemen are protected by the state and have the entirety of the rights and freedoms established by the Constitution of Ukraine.

Depending on the nature of the committed offense or fault, military servicemen bear disciplinary, administrative, material, civil and criminal liability according to the law (Article 26 of Regulations).

By their service position and military rank, military servicemen can be superior or subordinate in relation to other servicemen.

A superior can give orders to a subordinate and shall monitor their execution. A subordinate shall undisputedly execute the orders of his superior, except for cases of clearly criminal orders, and treat his subordinate with respect.

According to Article 35 of the Regulations, orders are normally issued in the order of subordinance. In case of emergency need, a commander (subordinate) in an official position higher than the direct superior of the subordinate, can issue orders to this subordinate bypassing his direct superior; he informs the subordinate's direct superior of this, or orders the subordinate to personally report to his direct superior about this. An order can be issued to a servicemen or a group of servicemen, in a verbal or written form, including communication by technical means.

Persons responsible for issuing and executing a clearly criminal order (instruction) are brought to liability according to the law.

Article 39 of the Regulations establishes that the commander of a military unit shall meet and accompany around the military unit the President of Ukraine, the Head of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Prime Minister of Ukraine, the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, the Head of the General Staff – the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the deputies of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, all direct superiors and persons appointed to manage the inspection (checkup) of the military unit.

Article 42 of the Regulations envisages that, if a person appointed to manage the inspection (checkup) of a military unit is equal or higher in rank than the commander of the military unit, the commander of the unit will introduce himself to the arrival. If the arrival is lower in rank than the commander of the military unit, he will introduce himself to the commander.

Military servicemen must always serve as an example of high culture, modesty and moderation, preserve the military honor, defend their own dignity and respect that of other people, and always remember that their behavior is a representation not only of themselves, but of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in general (Article 49 of the Regulations).

Article 55 of the Regulations states that military servicemen are forbidden to keep their hands in their pockets or be seated in the presence of a commander (superior) or a person of a higher rank, without the latter's permission. Smoking is only allowed in specifically designated places.

According to Article 66 of the Regulations, the commander of the regiment, in times of peace and war, is responsible for the combat and mobilization alertness, and successful execution of combat missions by the regiment; for military training, education, combat discipline, and moral and psychological state of the contingent; for the internal order; for the state and storage of weapons, ammunition, combat and other equipment, fuel and other material supplies; for the state of financial management; for all-round provisioning of the regiment, fire safety and environmental safety.

Article 68 of the Regulations states that the staff commander of the regiment (or a separate battalion) is subordinated to the commander of the regiment, acts as his first deputy and as the direct superior of the entire regiment contingent.

Article 70 of the Regulations states that the deputy commander of the regiment (or a separate battalion) is subordinated to the commander and is the direct superior of the entire regiment (battalion) contingent, and performs the duties of the commander in his absence. In military units where the post of the deputy commander of the regiment (battalion) is not provided for by the staff structure, these duties lie with the head of staff.

According to Article 78 of the Regulations, the head of the artillery of the regiment is subordinated to the commander of the regiment and is the direct superior of the entire contingent of artillery divisions.

The squadron commander – head of aerial defense of the regiment, in times of peace and war, is responsible for military deployment of all means of aerial defense of the regiment, for the battle and mobilization alertness, military training, education, military discipline, and the moral and psychological state of the aerial defense divisions of the regiment, and for maintaining their armaments and equipment in a battle-ready state; as well as for the state of the educational and material base in regiment divisions according to their specialization (Article 80 of the Regulations).

According to Article 101 of the Regulations, the commander of a battalion (3rd rank ship commander), in times of peace and war, is responsible for the battle and mobilization alertness, and successful execution of combat missions by the battalion (ship); for military training, education, combat discipline, moral and psychological state of the contingent; for the internal order; for the state and storage of weapons, ammunition, combat and other equipment, fuel and other material supplies of the battalion (ship) and the legality of their use. The commander of a battalion (3rd rank ship commander) is subordinated to the commander of the regiment (ship squadron) and is the direct superior of the entire battalion (ship) contingent.

The head of the battalion staff is subordinated to the commander of the battalion, acts as his first deputy and the direct superior of the entire battalion contingent (Article 103 of the Regulations).

According to Article 113 of the Regulations, the deputy commander of the company, in times of peace and war, is responsible for the combat and mobilization alertness, and successful execution of combat missions by the company; for military training of the company; for property maintenance of the objects of educational material and technical base, educational devices and equipment; for sporting activities, maintaining internal order and military discipline in the company, and for preparing qualified specialists of the company.

The company sergeant, in times of peace and war, is responsible for proper duty carried out by the private and sergeant staff, for military discipline and maintaining internal order in the company, for storage and appropriate use of armaments, ammunition and other property of the company, for storage of personal effects of military servicemen in the property storage room, and for the fire safety of the company premises and territory.

Article 129 of the Regulations establishes that internal order means strict adherence to the rules for location, day-to-day activities and off-duty life of servicemen in the military unit (division), and for the duty of the daily detail, as established by the military Regulations.

According to Article 148 of the Regulations, sub-machine guns, carabines, rifles, machine guns and handheld grenade launchers, as well as spare barrels for machine guns, and bayonets, are stored in racks, and ammunition in locked metal cabinets or boxes. Personal weapons of officers and ensigns of the unit management are stored with the unit duty officer, in a locked metal cabinet.

All buildings and premises, as well as the military unit territory, must always be maintained in a clean and orderly state. Each superior is responsible for proper use of buildings and premises, maintaining equipment, supplies, furniture and firefighting equipment, as well as for switching buildings and structures to the spring-summer or autumn-winter usage mode (Article 160 of the Regulations).

Article 179 of the Regulations establishes that by written order of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine, his deputies and military commanders of operative commands and military units (divisions of military units) are located in population centers in administrative premises, and in case of lack of administrative buildings, in buildings (premises) suitable for living, under conditions determined by the legislation.

According to Article 199 of the Regulations, time is distributed so as to ensure permanent combat alertness of the military unit, provide for combat training sessions, and create conditions for maintaining the order, military discipline and education of military servicemen, increasing their cultural level, ensuring comprehensive utility servicing, recreation and sustenance.

Combat training is the principal element of the day-to-day activity of military servicemen in times of peace. Events determined by the combat training plan and the education schedule can only be rescheduled by the commander (superior) that had originally approved them (Article 209 of the Regulations).

Article 237 of the Regulations states that tempering of military servicemen is aimed at improving the endurance of their bodies to changes in the physical environment and to the conditions associated with the specifics of military service and executing combat missions.

According to Article 246 of the Regulations, the main treatment and prophylaxis measures for military servicemen are medical surveillance, outpatient, inpatient and health resort treatment. In order to prevent spreading of contagious diseases, the treatment and prophylaxis measures offered by the medical service are mandatory for all military servicemen.

The daily detail is appointed to maintain the internal order, guard the contingent, armament, ammunition, combat and other equipment, the premises and the property of the military unit (division), control the state of affairs in divisions and timely use of measures aimed at preventing offences, as well as for executing other duties of the internal service (Article 267 of the Regulations).

Article 326 of the Regulations states that a battle alarm call of a military unit is carried out by commanders in chief and commanders (superiors) who had been granted the appropriate right by the Minister of Defense of Ukraine. The battle alarm call is carried out in order to prepare for executing combat missions.

According to Article 332 of the Regulations, combat duty means executing a combat mission. Combat duty is carried out by the standby forces appointed by military units. Standby forces include combat teams, duty details of management centers, forces and means of combat provision and services.

The procedure for departure of troops to the training area (camp) is determined by the combat preparation plan or the order of the senior commander (superior).

At the training area, the military unit and its divisions are housed in premises or camp tents. If several military units or divisions of different forces (military units) are joined into one camp, the territory and premises are divided between them according to the order of the senior commander (chief) or the chief of encampment (Article 366 of the Regulations).
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