The Law of Ukraine

On Hydro-Meteorological Activity

Date of Entry into Force:
March 23, 1999

The Law determines general legal, economic, social, and organizational grounds for performing hydro-meteorological activity in Ukraine and legal status of the national hydro-meteorological service and its employees.

The Law determines key principles for government policies in the field of hydro-meteorological activity. These shall include:
- state regulation and oversight in the field of hydro-meteorological activity;
- systemic, integrated, continuous, and representative hydro-meteorological observations and forecasts;
- warning and urgent nature of hydro-meteorological support and services with respect to dangerous and disastrous hydro-meteorological phenomena;
- priority requirements to environmental safety;
- other.

Key directions of hydro-meteorological activity shall be:
- carrying out observations of hydro-meteorological conditions, geo-physical processes in the atmosphere and basic observations over the level of environmental pollution;
- collecting, processing, transferring, and storing observation data;
- developing hydro-meteorological forecasts, providing hydro-meteorological support for government bodies, bodies of local self-government and the population;
- providing hydro-meteorological support and services to interested legal entities and natural persons, effecting active impact on hydro-meteorological processes.

Subjects of relations in the field of hydro-meteorological activity shall be:
- a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity and its organizations, enterprises and institutions;
- other state bodies, legal entities and natural persons that perform hydro-meteorological activity;
- organizations, enterprises, institutions, and citizens that are users of hydro-meteorological information.

Hydro-meteorological activity on the territory of Ukraine shall be carried out:
- by a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity, its organizations, enterprises and institutions;
- under special permits (licenses) by other state bodies, legal entities and natural persons regardless of their ownership form;
- by the hydro-meteorological service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

State oversight in the field of hydro-meteorological activity shall be carried out by a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity and its local bodies.

The Law provides a list of authorities of such specially authorized central body of executive power, local state administrations and bodies of local self-government in the field of hydro-meteorological activity.

Points of the state system for hydro-meteorological observations shall be placed by a decision of a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity. Activities of the state system for hydro-meteorological observations shall be managed by a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity through its central geophysical observatory, main centers for the directions of activity, a hydro-meteorological center in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, regional and oblast hydro-meteorological centers, observatories, hydro-meteorological bureaus, hydro-meteorological and specialized stations.

Mandatory state tracking, registration and storage of materials resulting from hydro-meteorological observations shall be carried out by the sector state archive of a specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity.

Property of enterprises, institutions and organizations of the national hydro-meteorological service shall not be subject to privatization.

Employees of the national hydro-meteorological service whose activity poses a risk to their life and health shall be subject to mandatory state insurance.

Activities of the national hydro-meteorological service shall be financed at the expense of the State Budget of Ukraine. A specially authorized central body of executive power in the field of hydro-meteorological activity can set up a fund to support the national hydro-meteorological service.
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