Law of Ukraine
“On Treatment of Depleted Nuclear Fuel in Respect of Siting, Designing and Constructing a Centralized Storage for Depleted Nuclear Fuel of WWER Type Reactors of Domestic Nuclear Power Plants”
Date of entry into force:
March 7, 2012
The Law establishes the legal principles of treating depleted nuclear fuel, storing depleted nuclear fuel of WWER type reactors, creating a single system and optimizing the structure for treatment of depleted nuclear fuel of domestic nuclear power plants.
Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Procedure for Making Decisions on Siting, Designing and Constructing Nuclear Facilities and Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities of National Importance”, includes the following in the list of nuclear facilities and radioactive waste treatment facilities of national importance:
- nuclear power plants;
- nuclear heating plants;
- research nuclear reactors;
- nuclear waste treatment facilities (except for facilities included in the technological cycle of a nuclear facility, or storages for burying radioactive waste);
- storages for storing depleted nuclear fuel or highly active radioactive waste with the design storage term of over 30 years (except for facilities included in the technological cycle of a nuclear facility);
- storages for burying depleted nuclear fuel or radioactive waste.
The decision on siting, designing and constructing nuclear facilities and radioactive waste treatment facilities of national importance is made by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine by passing an appropriate law on siting, designing and constructing a nuclear facility or a radioactive waste treatment facility of national important (Article 2 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Procedure for Making Decisions on Siting, Designing and Constructing Nuclear Facilities and Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities of National Importance”).
According to Article 1 of the Law, centralized storage for storing depleted nuclear fuel of WWER type reactors of domestic nuclear power plants (hereinafter referred to as “centralized storage”) is a part of the integrated complex for depleted nuclear fuel treatment of the “Chornobyl NPP” state specialized enterprise. The centralized storage is located in the area between the villages of Stara Krasnytsya, Buryakivka, Chystogalivka and Stechanka, Kyiv region, in the exclusion territory that was subjected to radioactive contamination due to the Chornobyl disaster. The construction project of the centralized storage must include the term of its exploitation, the dimensions and limits of the sanitary protective zone and the observation zone, marginal values of the depleted nuclear fuel parameters (maximum enrichment before irradiation, maximum burn-up and afterheat), and requirements to the system for informing the bodies of power and the population about the state of radiation safety of the object and the environment, at all stages of its construction and exploitation. Design and construction of the centralized storage must adhere to the requirements on civil defense, technogenic, nuclear and radiation safety, and of international agreements. The total capacity of the centralized storage is 16,529 depleted fuel clusters of WWER-440 and WWER-1000 type reactors. Depleted nuclear fuel of WWER-440 and WWER-1000 type reactors of domestic nuclear power plants is handed over for storage in the centralized storage.
Depleted nuclear fuel is stored in the centralized storage during the term of its exploitation, which is substantiated in its design project. The centralized storage employs the surface dry-storage technology with double-barrier insulation, which is provided for by specially designed container type engineering systems (Article 2 of the Law).
According to Article 3 of the Law, the owner of the centralized storage construction deducts 10 percent of the total estimated cost of the construction to construct community facilities in the Slavutych city, and the Ivankiv and Polissya districts of the Kyiv region, according to the list approved by the Kyiv regional state administration. The above funds are included in the centralized storage construction cost estimate. The funds are transferred proportionately to the actually disbursed capital investments according to financial accounting data, not taking into account the value-added tax.