Law of Ukraine
"On Ratification of the Agreement Between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Cooperation for Exploration and Peaceful Use of Space"
Date of entry into force:
November 18, 2011
The Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Cooperation for Exploration and Peaceful Use of Space (hereinafter referred to as "Agreement") was signed on November 3, 2010 in Riyadh.
The Constitution of Ukraine (Article 85, paragraph 32) states that the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine provides consent for Ukraine to be bound by international agreements. And, according to Article 9 of the Law of Ukraine "On International Agreements of Ukraine" the Agreement is subject to ratification.
The Law ratifies the Agreement.
According to Article 2 of the Agreement, the competent bodies responsible for developing and implementing the cooperation envisaged by the Agreement are the State Space Agency of Ukraine and the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology.
Article 3 of the Agreement envisages that cooperation will be carried out in the following directions:
- fundamental space science, meteorology, remote sensing, geophysics, agronomy, space biotechnologies, ionosphere and space plasma;
- space research and technical instruments;
- microsatellites and minisatellites for research and commercial purposes;
- on-board remote sensing systems;
- space telecommunication systems;
- space transport systems;
- land infrastructure of space systems, including space bases.
According to Article 4 of the Agreement, cooperation under the Agreement can be carried out in the following forms:
- planning and implementing joint space projects;
- implementing educational projects for specialists, facilitating participation of research, engineering and technical staff in joint projects;
- exchanging research and technical staff;
- exchanging equipment, documents, data, experiment results, research and technical information;
- developing industrial and commercial programs in the field of research and use of space systems and launch services;
- joint scientific research, construction, manufacture, launch, operation and use of launch rockets, satellites and other space systems;
- organizing symposiums and other joint scientific events.
To accomplish the goals of the Agreement, the Parties or competent bodies and other authorized bodies acting with consent of the Parties can, if necessary, create bilateral technical work groups (Article 6 of the Agreement).
Article 7 of the Agreement envisages that financing joint activity carried out according to the Agreement and the state policy in the sphere of exploration and peaceful use of space shall be done by the Parties according to the laws and other normative legal acts in the sphere of budget regulation of each state, subject to the availability of funds allocated for such purposes. Joint activity shall not create legal grounds for either Party to allocate additional budget funds.
If the Parties, their competent bodies and other authorized organizations did not agree otherwise in Additional Agreements and Agreements on Joint Programs, ownership of intellectual property created or transferred in the course of joint activity under the Agreement is distributed according to the Annex, which is an integral part of the Agreement (Article 8 of the Agreement).
According to the provisions of the national legislation, each Party shall:
- use measures to ensure duty-free import and/or export of equipment required to fulfill the provisions of the Agreement, in accordance with the internal legally binding procedures of the Party states;
- in the scope of implementing agreements on joint programs concluded according to the Agreement, each Party shall use measures necessary to simplify the process of entry formalities and provide assistance (including visa support) to the specialists of the other Party that take part in the joint activity.