The Law of Ukraine

On Higher Education

Date of Entry into Force:
March 5, 2002

The present Law establishes legal, organizational, financial, and other principles of functioning of the higher education system and creates conditions for self-actualization of an individual and for ensuring public and state needs in qualified specialists. The Law aims at regulating social relations in the sphere of education, upbringing and professional training of Ukrainian citizens.

The Law identifies the following levels of education:
incomplete higher education;
basic higher education;
complete higher education.

The qualification levels in education shall be:
Junior Specialist;
Bachelor;
Specialist, Master.

Documents confirming higher education of an individual shall be:
diploma of a junior specialist;
diploma of a bachelor;
diploma of a specialist;
diploma of a master.

Higher educational institutions shall be legal entities. The Law identifies four levels of accreditation for higher educational institutions and their types:
university;
academy;
institute;
conservatoire (musical academy);
college;
vocational school (specialized school or college).

The establishment, reorganization and liquidation of higher educational institutions shall be performed by:
the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine - with respect to educational institutions of the third and fourth accreditation levels that are in state ownership;
state bodies of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea - with respect to educational institutions that are in ownership of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
bodies of local self-government - with respect to educational institutions that are in communal ownership;
owner (owners) - with respect to educational institutions that are in private ownership.

Higher educational institutions shall operate on the basis of licenses issued according to the procedure set forth by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

Structural units of a higher educational institution of the first or second accreditation level shall be departments and subject (cycle) commissions. Structural units of a higher educational institution of the third or fourth accreditation level shall be chairs, faculties, institutes, branches, library, etc.

The Law determines the status of:
Director of a higher educational institution;
Head of a faculty and department;
academic council;
supervisory board;
bodies of public self-government in higher educational institutions.

The educational process in higher educational institutions shall take the following forms:
regular (stationary) studies;
evening studies;
distance or correspondence studies;
external studies.

Participants of the teaching and educational process in higher educational institutions shall be:
teaching and research and educational personnel;
individuals studying in higher educational institutions;
employees of higher educational institutions.

According to the Law, academic degrees shall be Candidate of Science and Doctor of Science. Academic statuses shall be:
Senior Research Assistant;
Assistance Professor;
Professor.

Depending on the type of ownership, higher educational institutions shall be financed at the expense of:
the State Budget;
local budgets;
owners of higher educational institutions that are in private ownership.
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