The Law of Ukraine

On Local Self-Government in Ukraine

Date of Entry into Force:
June 12, 1997

The Law of Ukraine “On Local Self-Government in Ukraine” (hereinafter referred to as “the Law”) defines the system and guarantees of local self-government in Ukraine, grounds for the organization of activities, legal status and responsibility of bodies and officials of local self-government.

The system of local self-government includes:
territorial community;
village, settlement and town/city council;
village, settlement and town/city head;
executive bodies of the village, settlement and town/city council;
regional and oblast councils representing common interests of territorial communities of villages, settlements and towns/cities;
self-organized civic bodies.

The Law determines authorities of:
village, settlement and town/city councils;
executive bodies of the village, settlement and town/city councils;
village, settlement and town/city heads;
regional and oblast councils.

Material and financial basis for local self-government is the communal ownership right and local budgets. The Law determines that territorial communities of villages, settlements and towns/cities, districts in cities shall have the communal ownership right for:
real estate and movable property;
revenues of local budgets;
other funds;
land and natural resources;
enterprises, institutions and organizations, including banks, insurance associations, as well as pension funds, and a share in company assets;
housing fund and non-residential premises;
institutions of culture, education, sports, healthcare, science, and social servicing;
other property and property rights;
movable and real estate objects defined as objects of the communal ownership right;
funds received from alienation thereof.

The guarantee for local self-government is that territorial communities, bodies and officials of local self-government shall independently implement their authorities. Acts of a council, village, settlement and town/city major, head of a district council, executive committee of a village, settlement and town/city and district (in case it is established) council are mandatory for the execution by all bodies of executive power, civic associations, enterprises, institutions and organizations located on the relevant territory, and officials, as well as citizens permanently or temporary residing on the relevant territory.

The Law also establishes responsibility of bodies and officials of local self-government in the face of territorial community, the state, legal entities, and natural persons. In particular, authorities of a council, village, settlement and town/city head, head of a district, regional and oblast council and self-organized civic bodies may be terminated pre-term.
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