The Law of Ukraine
On Emergency Ecological Situation Zone
Date of Entry into Force:
August 15, 2000
The Law regulates relations arising during implementation of emergency measures, aimed at protection of life and health of people and normalization of ecological situation in the emergency ecological situation zone. The emergency ecological situation zone is a separate territory of Ukraine, on which emergency ecological situation occurred.
The Law stipulates the grounds and procedure for declaring a specific territory the emergency ecological situation zone.
The grounds for declaring the emergency ecological situation zone are as follows:
significant excess of maximum possible quality indices of natural environment, established by the legislation;
occurrence of direct threat to life and health of a great number of people;
negative changes that took place in environment on a significant territory.
A specific territory of Ukraine shall be declared the emergency ecological situation zone by the President of Ukraine. The Decree of the President of Ukraine on declaring a specific territory the emergency ecological situation zone shall be passed by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine within two days starting from the address of the President of Ukraine.
A special legal regime shall be introduced in the emergency ecological situation zone. It is introduced to prevent human and material losses, avert threat to people's life and health and eliminate negative consequences of an emergency ecological situation.
Once there are sufficient grounds, a legal emergency regime may be introduced in the emergency ecological situation zone under the procedure, established by the Law of Ukraine “On Legal Emergency Regime”.
Validity of a legal emergency regime in the emergency ecological situation zone may be terminated pre-term by the President of Ukraine.
To implement necessary measures in the emergency ecological situation zone, funds are assigned from the State and local budgets, the reserve of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and other sources that are not prohibited by law.
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine or the authorized central executive body - within the funds assigned - places a corresponding government order for supply of products for state needs, approves and implements state complex or target public works programs.
According to the Law of Ukraine “On Legal Emergency Regime”, in case of introduction of legal emergency regime in the emergency ecological situation zone the following measures may be carried out:
introduction of a special entry-exit regime;
limitation of vehicle traffic;
introduction of limitations or imposition of a ban on mass festivities;
displacement of people from hazardous territories.
The rights to perform certain types of economic activity may be limited in the emergency ecological situation zone.
Ukraine participates in the international cooperation on preventing emergency ecological situations, eliminating their consequences and providing mutual assistance in compliance with international agreements of Ukraine and the Ukrainian legislation.