The Law of Ukraine
On Milk and Dairy Products
Date of Entry into Force:
July 29, 2004
The present Law defines legal and organizational grounds for ensuring quality and safety of milk and dairy products for life and health of population and environment during their production, transportation, processing, storage and sale, import into the customs territory and export from the customs territory of Ukraine.
Validity of the Law applies to all business entities, which perform economic activity in the sphere of production, transportation, processing, storage and sale, import into the customs territory and export from the customs territory of Ukraine.
Package and wrapping for dairy materials and dairy products shall be made of the materials that are permitted for use by the central body of executive power on healthcare. It shall be prohibited to use names of dairy products in the proper names of products and trade marks, if these products are manufactured using materials of non-dairy origin. It shall be prohibited to separate the process of packing of dairy products from the technological production cycle.
It shall be prohibited to use fat and proteins of non-dairy origin, as well as any stabilizers and conserving agents while producing national dairy products.
Milk, diary materials shall be produced on the basis of permit of state institutions of veterinary medicine, and dairy products – on the basis of permit of state sanitary epidemiological service.
Business entities of all ownership forms, which produce milk, dairy materials and dairy products, shall be subject to certification for the correspondence to mandatory requirements of normative legal acts. Certificate for production of milk, dairy materials and dairy products is issued by the respective territorial body of executive service on agricultural policy. Certification shall be held once per 5 years. Business entities, which produce milk, dairy materials and dairy products, may perform respective activity without the certificate and entry into the respective register, but not longer than one year after this Law comes into force.
Information about the certified business entities of all ownership forms shall be recorded in the register that is kept by the central body of executive power on agricultural policy with giving a registration number to each business entity. The register of certified producers is published in mass media.
With the purpose of regulation of milk and dairy market the quotas are set for the agricultural goods producers on volumes of production and sale of milk to the processing enterprises and volumes of supply of dairy produce to the state material reserve.
The state encourages increase of quality of milk that meets the requirements of the state standard of Ukraine through extra charges in interest to purchase price:
- for extra grade milk – 25%;
- for milk of first grade – 20%.
Financial sanctions in the forms of penalties are applied to business entities in case they do not have the certificate and other documents, which permit conducting activity on production and processing of milk, dairy materials and dairy products, as well as for violation of requirements to handling dairy materials waste and in case of non-observation of indices regarding their quality, safety and technology – in the amount of 100% of the price of sold goods.
Penalty in the amount of 100% of the price of sold produce is set for conducting economic activity without the respective certification of production and violation by the business entity of indices regarding quality, safety and technology of milk, dairy materials and dairy products.