Law of Ukraine
“On Protection of Population against Infectious Diseases”
Date of Entry into Force:
May 12, 2000
This Law determines legal basis for activities of bodies of executive power, bodies of local self-government, enterprises, institutions and organizations, directed at prevention of emerging and spreading human infectious diseases.
Authorities of central bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government in the field of protection of population against infectious diseases are specified in Chapter II of the Law.
In order to protect population against infectious diseases the Law establishes:
grounds to carry out prophylactic vaccinations (Art.12);
requirements to medical immunobiological preparations (Art.13);
conditions to create novel and genetically modified microorganisms and biologically active substances (Art.14);
measures to prevent infectious diseases in children's institutions (Art.15);
principles of protection of population against infectious diseases common for animals and people (Art.16)
rights and responsibilities of citizens and their associations in the field of protection of population against infectious diseases (Art.17);
rights and obligations of enterprises, institutions and organizations in the field of protection of population against infectious diseases (Art.18);
rights and obligations of persons suffering from infectious diseases or being bacteria carriers (Arts.19, 20);
procedure of mandatory prophylactic medical examinations (Art.21);
Principles of prophylactics and provision of medical aid to patients suffering from infectious diseases are determined in Chapter IV of the Law.
Fundamentals of sanitary protection of Ukraine's territory, quarantine and restricting anti-epidemic measures are determined in Chapter V of the Law, types and procedures of disinfecting measures are outlined in Chapter VI of the Law.
This Law also specifies the procedure for recording and registration of infectious diseases (Chapter VII), as well as rights and obligations of medical and other employees involved in the field protection of population against infectious diseases (Chapter VIII).