The Law of Ukraine

On Elections of the President of Ukraine

Date of Entry into Force:
March 25, 1999

The Law of Ukraine On Elections of the President of Ukraine was stated in a new wording by the Law of Ukraine N 1630-IV of March 18, 2004.

The Law of Ukraine On Elections of the President of Ukraine, hereinafter the Law, sets requirements to the candidate for the President of Ukraine, the procedure of nomination of the candidate and his/her election for the post.

All candidates for the post of the President of Ukraine shall have equal rights and possibilities to take part in election campaign. The President of Ukraine may be any citizen of Ukraine who is 35 years old on the election day, has the right to vote, speaks official language and resides in Ukraine for 10 years which precede elections. The same person shall not be the President of Ukraine more than two terms subsequently (10 years).

The candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine shall be nominated by the citizens through political parties (election blocks), as well as through self-nomination. Nomination of the candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine shall start 119 days and terminate 95 days prior to the election day.

The Law establishes the following types of elections of the President of Ukraine: regular, extraordinary and repeat.
1) Regular elections of the President of Ukraine shall be held on the last Sunday of October on the fifth year of authorities of the President of Ukraine.
2) Extraordinary elections of the President of Ukraine shall be held on the last week of a ninety- day term since the day of:
- personal announcement by the President of Ukraine of application about his retirement at the session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine;
- publishing by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of its decision confirming impossibility to perform by the President of Ukraine his authorities due to health condition;
- publishing by the Verkhovna Rada of its decision about dismissal of the President of Ukraine from the post according to the impeachment procedure;
- adoption of the resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine about the unscheduled elections due to death of the President of Ukraine.
3) Repeat elections of the President of Ukraine shall be held on the last week of a ninety-day term since the day of adoption of the resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine about the repeat elections.

Elections of the President of Ukraine shall be held in a uniform all-state single mandate election constituency which includes the entire territory of Ukraine and is divided into 225 territorial election constituencies. In order to vote and count votes effectively the territory of each constituency shall be divided into election districts. The number of election districts is not limited.

Elections of the President of Ukraine shall be organized and held by the Central Election Commission, territorial election commissions and district election commissions. The Law defines the procedure of creation, termination and authorities of the above election commissions during the election campaign.

Preparation and holding of elections of the President of Ukraine shall be financed only from the funds of the State Budget of Ukraine and election funds of the candidates for the post of the President of Ukraine. The limit amount of the election fund of the candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine shall be fifty thousand of minimum salaries (UAH 10,250,000). It is prohibited for foreigners, stateless persons and anonymous contributors to pay in money to the election fund of the candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine.

The candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine shall deposit to the special account of the Central Election Commission a monetary pledge in amount five hundred thousand hryvnas. The monetary pledge shall be returned to the candidate, if he obtained not less than 7% of votes of the people who took part in the voting on elections of the President of Ukraine. After registration the candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine shall present to the Central Election Commission of Ukraine not less than fifty hundred thousand of signatures of the people who support his/her candidature for the post.

The President of Ukraine shall be elected by the citizens of Ukraine on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret voting. Each Ukrainian citizen who is 18 years old on the election day has the right to vote in the elections of the President of Ukraine. In the elections of the President of Ukraine each Ukrainian citizen has one vote and participates in the voting directly. Voting in the elections of the President of Ukraine shall be secret: control over people's will expression shall be prohibited. A citizen shall express his/her will in the elections of the President of Ukraine at the election district located in the place of his/her residence. The persons who do not stay in the place of their permanent registration on the election day may receive absentee ballots at the election district and vote in the place of their actual stay.

Voting shall be held at the election district from 8 am until 20 pm. Each voter gets one election list by means of which s/he votes for this or that candidate for the post of the President of Ukraine. The election commission shall count votes for each candidate after the time determined for voting expires. The results of vote count shall be recorded in the minutes of district election commission. After the minutes of all election commissions are filled in, they shall be brought to the territorial election commission and from the latter - to the Central Election Commission. The Central Election Commission shall announce the voting results on the basis of summarizing the data obtained from the territorial election commissions.

The candidate shall be deemed elected as the President of Ukraine on the election day, if s/he obtained more than a half of votes of the people who took part in the voting. If none of the candidates obtains the necessary quantity of votes, the Central Election Commission shall adopt decision about holding repeat voting. The repeat voting shall be appointed for the third week since the day of holding elections. To the election list for the repeat voting shall be included those two candidates for the post of the President of Ukraine who as a result of voting on the election day obtained the majority of the votes. During the repeat elections the candidate shall be deemed elected for the post of the President of Ukraine, if s/he obtained more than a half of votes of the people who took part in the voting.

The results of elections shall be published in the newspapers Golos Ukrainy and Uryadovy Kurjer with indication of name, surname and patronymic of the elected President of Ukraine. The results shall be publshed not later than on the third day since the day of establishment of final results of elections.

The newly elected President of Ukraine shall take up the post not later than in 30 days after the official announcement of election results. S/he shall assume authorities since the moment of taking the Oath to the Ukrainian people at the ceremonial meeting of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The Central Election Commission of Ukraine shall hand over to the newly elected President of Ukraine the Certificate of the President of Ukraine.

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