Law of Ukraine

"On Topographic, Geodesic and Cartographic Activity"

Date of entry into force:
January 26, 1999

Article 1 of the Law determines the terms used in it. For example, topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is scientific, production and managerial activity aimed at determining the figure parameters and the gravitational field of the Earth, coordinates of points on the Earth's surface and their change over time, creating and using the state geodesic and gravimetric networks of Ukraine, the network of permanently active satellite surveillance stations, topographic and themed maps (plans), creating and updating the cartographic basis for land cadastres, geospatial data banks (databases) and geoinformational systems.

The task of the legislation on the topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is regulating the relations in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity to satisfy the needs of the state and the public with the results of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity (Article 3 of the Law).

According to Article 4 of the Law, the objects of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity are:
  • the territory of Ukraine, including bodies of water, cities and other population centers, systems of industrial, hydrotechnical and other engineering structures and communications, the continental shelf and the exclusive (marine) economic zone of Ukraine;
  • the territory of the Earth, including the Antarctica, the World Ocean, the space and the celestial bodies.

Article 5 of the Law lists the following as subjects of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity:
  • the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine;
  • the specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity, and its local bodies;
  • other central and local bodies of executive power;
  • legal entities and natural persons according to the Law and other normative-legal acts.

State management in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is carried out by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the specialized authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity and its local bodies, the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, and other bodies of executive power (Article 6 of the Law).

According to Article 7 of the Law, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine carries out the following actions in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity:
  • approves state specialized programs on satisfying the needs of Ukraine in topographic, geodesic and cartographic products;
  • establishes unified state systems of coordinates, heights and gravimetric measurements;
  • determines the procedure of supplying, recording and storing the materials of the State Cartographic and Geodesic Fund of Ukraine, as well as their usage and management;
  • makes decisions to use other geodesic systems of coordinates, heights and gravimetric measurements, and succeeding scales of state topographic maps and plans, on the territory of Ukraine;
  • determines the procedure for state recording, registering and expert analysis of topographic, geodesic and cartographic works and their results;
  • organizes for state control over topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity;
  • establishes the procedure for security of geodesic points;
  • resolves other issues.

Article 8 of the Law includes the following into the competence of a specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity:
  • organizing topographic, geodesic and cartographic works;
  • carrying out cartographic monitoring of the territory of Ukraine, including the continental shelf area and population centers;
  • organizing for astronomic, geodesic, gravimetric and cartographic reproduction works, and aerospace photography for remote exploration of the Earth to study the natural resources and the state of the environment;
  • coordinating topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity and carrying out methodical management of topographic, geodesic and cartographic works;
  • developing and implementing state specialized programs in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity;
  • creating, developing and ensuring the functioning of the national infrastructure of geospatial data, and of the system for standardization in the sphere of geodesics and cartography;
  • studying permanent geographic objects on the territory of Ukraine;
  • performing state expert analysis of programs in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity, projects of topographic, geodesic and cartographic works, and their results;
  • approving normative and technical documents in the issues of topography, cartography and geoinformation systems;
  • preparing suggestions on creating specialized institutions and organizations required to provide for topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity, according to the established procedure;
  • organizing for the participation of Ukraine in international cooperation in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity;
  • facilitating supplying topographic, geodesic and cartographic enterprises, institutions and organizations with highly qualified specialists;
  • improving the methods of organizing topographic and cartographic production;
  • carrying out state control over topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity;
  • carrying out other functions in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity according to the Provision on the Specially Authorized Central Body of Executive Power in the Issues of Topographic, Geodesic and Cartographic activity.

The Competence of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and other bodies of executive power in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is determined by Article 9 of the Law.

According to Article 10 of the Law, the following must be ensured during topographic, geodesic and cartographic works:
  • adhering to the requirements of the standards and normative and technical documents;
  • implementing progressive technologies and methods for organizing topographic, geodesic and cartographic production;
  • developing, implementing and organizing software, hardware and technological support for efficient use of digital maps and geoinformation systems;
  • carrying out tasks by methods and means that are safe for the public life and health, the state of the environment and sites of historical and cultural significance;
  • graphical representation of the state borders of Ukraine and the boundaries of administrative and territorial units, as well as borders of foreign states and other political, administrative and geographic elements, on maps;
  • storing and recording topographic, geodesic, cartographic, aerial survey and space materials;
  • systematically analyzing the state astronomic and geodesic basis on the territory of Ukraine, and the correspondence of cartographic materials to the current state of the land;
  • topographic, cartographic and cadastre photography, updating maps and plans, photographing the continental shelf and water bodies in a single system of coordinates and heights.

Article 11 of the Law includes the following into state-wide topographic, geodesic and cartographic works:
  • studying and determining the figure parameters and gravitational field of the Earth for this purpose;
  • creating and updating state topographic maps and plans in the graphical, digital, photographic and other forms, with the precision and content that provide for carrying out statewide, defense, scientific, research and other tasks; publishing such maps and plans;
  • creating, developing and maintaining the working state of the state geodesic network and the geodesic height network, including the fundamental gravimetric network and the first class gravimetric network, with the density and precision that provide for creating state topographic maps and plans and for carrying out statewide, defense, scientific, research and other tasks;
  • creating and updating cadastre maps (plans), providing them, as well as the necessary topographic and geodesic information to users for maintaining the State Registration System for Land and Other Immovable Property, and for maintaining the data bank;
  • determining permanent geographic objects on the territory of Ukraine;
  • remote exploration of the Earth by aerial and land methods, as well as using the data acquired by remote exploration of the Earth from space in topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity, and geodynamic research based on the results of geodesic measurements;
  • forming and maintaining the state and regional cartographic and geodesic funds;
  • creating and developing the national geospatial data infrastructure and the system for standardization in the sphere of geodesics and cartography;
  • creating geoinformation systems;
  • designing, drafting and publishing general geographic, political and administrative, scientific reference and other themed maps and atlases of interdepartmental relevance, and educational cartographic publications;
  • topographic, geodesic, cartographic and hydrographic support for delimiting, demarcation and verification of the state border of Ukraine;
  • mapping, including creating topographic maps of the Antarctica, the continental shelf, the World Ocean and foreign countries;
  • scientific research and engineering design works in the field of geodesics, cartography, remote exploration of the Earth and other plants, metrological and regulatory support for topographic, geodesic and cartographic works;
  • organizing serial production of geodesic and cartographic equipment.

Organizing for state-wide topographic, geodesic and cartographic works is envisaged by Article 12 of the Law.

According to Article 13, the following works are included in specialized topographic, geodesic and cartographic works:
  • topographic, geodesic and cartographic support of cadastre work creating, developing and maintaining the working order of specialized geodesic networks, creating, developing and updating the cartographic basis of the state cadastre, creating local coordinate systems, the procedure for maintenance of which is determined by the specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity;
  • topographic, geodesic and cartographic support of bridge-building creating geodesic and cartographic materials and data for land planning, design, construction and reconstruction of capital construction objects, creating engineering and transport infrastructure, and performing engineering exploration required for this;
  • creating specialized (themed) geographical information systems;
  • creating themed maps, plans and specialized atlases in graphic, digital and other forms; publishing such maps, plans and atlases;
  • geodesic, topographic, aerial survey and other specialized works carried out during other explorations and specialized works;
  • scientific research and engineering research work in the above directions.

Article 16 of the Law is dedicated to the normative and technical documents in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity.

Metrologic support of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity includes a system of standards, references and technical specifications that are mandatory and determine the terms and names in the sphere, the proper usage of equipment during geodesic surveys, methods for controlling the quality of geodesic measurements, and other issues related to topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity. Metrologic support of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is carried out by the specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity, and the metrological service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in cooperation with the State Committee of Ukraine for Standardization, Metrology and Certification, according to the procedure established by the legislation (Article 17 of the Law).

The legal status of the Cartographic and Geodesic Fund of Ukraine is determined by Article 19 of the Law.

Article 20 of the Law determines the procedure for using topographic, geodesic and cartographic materials.

The locations of geodesic points are fixed in place by specialized engineering devices and structures (Article 22 of the Law). Demolition or reestablishment of geodesic points is done only by approval of the specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity and its divisions within the scope of their competence. Seizing land plots and allocating them for constructing geodesic points is carried out according to the procedure established by the land legislation of Ukraine. The land plots on which the geodesic points are located, including a strip of land one meter wide along the borders of geodesic points, are the exclusion zones of such points. The following is forbidden in exclusion zones:
  • performing various agricultural works (storing supplies, keeping cattle, starting fires, etc.) and causing any damage to geodesic points;
  • carrying out any works that could negatively impact the geodesic points.

State geodesic supervision over topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is carried out by the specially authorized central body of executive power in the issues of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity. The procedure for state geodesic supervision is established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Article 24 of the Law).

According to Article 26 of the Law, violation of the legislation on topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity leads to disciplinary, administrative, civil and criminal liability according to the legislation. Liability for violations in the sphere of topographic, geodesic and cartographic activity is borne by entities guilty of:
  • violating norms, rules and standards during topographic, geodesic and cartographic work;
  • introducing changes into normative and technical documents without agreeing them with the bodies that have approved the documents;
  • violating the procedure for recording and storing topographic, cartographic and aerial survey materials, as well as gravimetric data;
  • violating the conditions of using topographic and geodesic materials, including unauthorized copying of topographic, cartographic, air survey and gravimetric data, as well as unauthorized transmission of original materials and copies to other entities;
  • failure to fulfill the instructions of the body carrying out state geodesic supervision;
  • violating the requirements on protection of geodesic points.
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