The Law of Ukraine
On Settlement Improvement
Date of entry into force:
January 1, 2006
The present Law identifies legal, economic, environmental, social, and organizational principles for settlement improvement and aims at creating favorable conditions for vital functions of the people.
Settlement improvement shall be a set of works and steps that shall be carried out on the territory of a settlement for the purpose of rationally using it, appropriately maintaining it and protecting it, and creating conditions for the protection and recovery of the environment. Such works and steps shall include: engineering protection, cleaning, reclamation, and landscape gardening of a particular territory; social and economic, organizational and legal, and environmental steps to improve the microclimate, to carry out sanitary purification, to reduce the noise level, and so on.
The system of settlement improvement shall include:
a) management in the area of settlement improvement.
The Law identifies powers of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the central body of executive power in the area of the residential services sector, the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, local state administrations, village, settlement and city councils in the field of settlement improvement.
b) identification of the subjects and objects in the area of settlement improvement.
Subjects in the area of settlement improvement shall be government bodies and local self-government bodies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, bodies of self-organized population, and citizens.
Objects in the area of settlement improvement shall be namely: parks, gardens, public gardens, public squares, squares, boulevards, streets, roads, and beaches.
c) organization of settlement improvement.
Organization of settlement improvement shall be ensured by local bodies of executive power and local self-government bodies. Financing of local programs for settlement improvement shall be provided at the expense of funds of the relevant local budgets.
d) standardization in the area of settlement improvement.
The rules for improving territories of villages, townships and municipalities shall be developed by the relevant self-government bodies.
e) financial support for settlement improvement.
Financing for steps to improve settlements, maintain and repair objects of settlement improvement shall be provided at the expense of funds of their owners or users, share contributions of owners of buildings and houses located on the territory of the object of settlement improvement and other sources of financing.
f) government, self-government and public oversight in the area of settlement improvement.
Government oversight of adherence to the legislation in the area of improving the territory of settlements shall be the responsibility of the central body of executive power in the area of the residential services sector and local state administrations. Self-government oversight of adherence to the legislation in the area of improving the territory of settlements shall be the responsibility of village, settlement and city councils, and their executive bodies. Public oversight of adherence to the legislation in the area of improving the territory of settlements shall be the responsibility of public inspectors for settlement improvement.
g) establishment of responsibility for violating the legislation in the area of settlement improvement.
The Law establishes the list of violations for which the guilty individuals shall be made accountable for violations of the legislation in the area of settlement improvement. The damage shall be compensated in full on the basis of rates, methods and calculations related to summing up the damage, but without reductions in the size of such penalties.