The Law of Ukraine

On Handling Radioactive Wastes

Date of Entry into Force:
August 30, 1995

The Law of Ukraine On Handling Radioactive Wastes (hereinafter referred to as the Law) aims at ensuring of human and environmental protection from the harmful influence of radioactive wastes at present and in future and applies to all types of activity with radioactive wastes.

Basic principles of state policy in the field of handling radioactive wastes are:
- priority defense of life and health of personnel, population and natural environment from influence of radioactive wastes pursuant to the state norms of radiation safety;
- differentiation of functions of state control and management in the field of handling radioactive wastes;
- implementation of state policy in the field of handling radioactive wastes by development and fulfillment of the long-term Governmental Program on Handling Radioactive Wastes;
- revision and approval of the Governmental Program on Handling Radioactive Wastes every three years;
- providing minimum level of formation of radioactive wastes, which it is possible to attain in practice, other.
The Governmental Program on Handling Radioactive Wastes shall be financed from the special State Fund for handling radioactive wastes.
The Special Fund is formed of:
- special purpose deductions of enterprises, institutions and organizations, as a result of activity of which radioactive wastes are formed. The amount of deduction is determined proportionally to the amount of created wastes;
- payments of enterprises, institutions and organizations for temporal storage of radioactive wastes on their territories which are counted proportionally to the term of storage and are such, that stimulate the transfer of radioactive wastes to the specialized enterprises for conditioning and burial, other receipts.

Chapter two of the Law is devoted to the issues of competence of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Autonomous republic of Crimea, local bodies of state executive power and bodies of local self-government in the field of handling radioactive wastes.

The subject to state regulation of safety in the field of handling radioactive wastes shall be the following types of activity:
- keeping the state accounting of radioactive wastes, the State Cadastre of depositories of radioactive wastes, places of their burial and places of their temporal storage;
- project and searching works on the choice of grounds for placing the objects intended for handling radioactive wastes;
- transport and storage of radioactive wastes.

State regulation in the field of handling radioactive wastes is carried out by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and other bodies of state executive power according to the legislation.
legal entities and natural persons, which have issued according to the set procedure permit of body of state regulation of nuclear and radiation safety to conduct the respective type of activity (licensees), are eligible for handling radioactive wastes.

Burial of radioactive wastes is performed only by the specialized enterprises on handling radioactive wastes at presence of appropriate license issued according to the set by the legislation procedure. The producers of radioactive wastes deliver them to the specialized enterprises on handling radioactive wastes in accordance with the ratified norms, rules and standards. Radioactive wastes are transferred to the state ownership after signing the document on the transfer of radioactive wastes from the licensee, as a result of activity of which they are formed. Until the transfer of radioactive wastes to the state ownership the licensee, as a result of activity of which radioactive wastes are formed, bears responsibility for radiation protection and safety during handling radioactive wastes.Preliminary processing and processing of radioactive wastes may be carried out by the licensee at the enterprises and in the institutions, where they are formed.

The state accounting of radioactive wastes is conducted with the purpose of avoidance of the possibility of radioactive wastes uncontrolled accumulation and provision of operative control over location and moving of radioactive wastes, terms of their storage and burial.The state accounting of radioactive wastes includes keeping of the State Register of radioactive wastes and the State Cadastre of depositories of radioactive wastes and the list of places of temporal storage of radioactive wastes.

Storage and burial of radioactive wastes is permitted only in the depositories of radioactive wastes, which are specially assigned for this purpose. During storage or burial of radioactive wastes reliability of their isolation from the natural environment is provided by the system of natural and artificial barriers.Radiation safety of depositories of radioactive wastes in ordinary conditions is provided by the observance of norms, rules and standards on nuclear and radiation safety.

Provision of physical protection during handling radioactive wastes foresees the unified system of planning, coordination and control over the complex of organizational and technical measures, aimed at prevention of unauthorized penetration into the depositories, access to radioactive wastes and their use, at timely reveal and stopping of any encroachments on integrity and inviolability of buildings.Activity related to handling radioactive wastes is prohibited, unless measures related to provision of physical protection are taken.

Operation of the depositories of radioactive wastes is permitted after the receipt of the license to the right to handle radioactive wastes. Operation of the depositories of radioactive wastes is performed in accordance with the norms, rules and standards on nuclear and radiation safety with the provision of radiation monitoring on the state the depositories of radioactive wastes. Closing of depositories of radioactive wastes is performed upon the decision of body of state administration in the field of handling radioactive wastes, which is agreed with the body of state regulation of nuclear and radiation safety.Stopping acceptance of radioactive wastes and closing down the depository of radioactive wastes is conducted pursuant to the project of closing of depositories of radioactive wastes and norms, rules and standards of radiation safety. After closing the depository of radioactive wastes the decrease of possibility of unauthorized access to the closed down depository shall be ensured.

Land plots, allotted for the depositories of radioactive wastes or objects intended for handling radioactive wastes, are granted for the whole period defined by the project operation and closing down pursuant to the land legislation. Land plots allotted for the depositories of radioactive wastes shall be taken off economic circulation and marked off from the adjacent territories by the sanitary protective areas. Residence of population, carrying out scientific researches without special permits and any other activity that does not ensure the regime of radiation safety shall be prohibited within the sanitary protective areas.

The citizens, who live or work in the district of location of depositories of radioactive wastes and objects intended for handling radioactive wastes, have the right to compensation for the damage caused by these depositories and objects.Social protection of the personnel, which works with radioactive wastes, includes:mandatory state medical insurance; privileges in relation to determination of retirement age, shortening of working day, calculation of raise to salary and receipt of loans, etc.

The persons guilty of violation of legislation on handling radioactive wastes shall bear responsibility for:
- handling radioactive wastes without the proper license;
- non-fulfillment of license terms during handling radioactive wastes;
- delivery, assemble and putting in operation of defective equipment;
- unauthorized import or export of radioactive wastes outside Ukraine, other.
Warning! The information is outdated due to the fact that this section is temporarily not updated!


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