The Law of Ukraine
On Permit Activity in the Field of Nuclear Energy Utilization
Date of Entry into Force:
March 1, 2000
The Law of Ukraine “On Permits in the Sphere of Use of Nuclear Power” defines legal and organizational principles of permit activity in the field of nuclear energy utilization, as well as general provisions regulating public relations which occur during its performance.
Introduction of permit system in the field of nuclear energy utilization is aimed at protection of interests of state security, prevention to excess of admissible norms of radiation of people and contamination of environment as well as at adherence to the requirements of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The object of permit activity in the field of nuclear energy utilization shall be the activity thereof state regulation of nuclear and radiation safety applies.
The Law defines the list of some types of activity in the field of nuclear energy utilization, which shall be subject to licensing:
design of nuclear plants or storage for burial of radioactive waste;
processing of uranium ores;
transportation of radioactive materials;
processing, storage and burial of radioactive wastes;
production, storage, technical maintenance of ionizing radiation sources;
use of ionizing radiation sources;
training of personnel for running of nuclear plants;
activity related to ensuring of physical protection of nuclear materials, radioactive wastes, other ionizing radiation sources and nuclear plants.
Certification in the field of nuclear energy utilization is set for:
ionizing radiation sources;
packing for storage and burial of radioactive wastes;
transport packing for transportation of radioactive materials;
elements necessary to ensure safety of nuclear plants.
Ionizing radiation sources shall be subject to compulsory state registration. The procedure of state registration shall be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
A separate chapter of the Law sets the procedure of licensing of activity of operating organizations on different stages of operating cycle and storages for burial of radioactive wastes. In particular, the procedure of issue, revocation and cancellation of license is defined.
The Law also defines rights and duties of subjects in the field of nuclear energy utilization.